Bertrand Russell

Russell in 1957 Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell (18 May 1872 – 2 February 1970) was a British philosopher, logician, and social critic. As an academic, he worked in philosophy, mathematics, and logic. His work has had a considerable influence on mathematics, logic, set theory, linguistics, artificial intelligence, cognitive science, computer science, and various areas of analytic philosophy, especially philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of language, epistemology, and metaphysics. He was a public intellectual, historian, social critic, political activist, and Nobel laureate. He was born in Monmouthshire into one of the most prominent aristocratic families in the United Kingdom.

Russell was one of the early 20th century's most prominent logicians, and one of the founders of analytic philosophy, along with his predecessor Gottlob Frege, his friend and colleague G. E. Moore and his student and protégé Ludwig Wittgenstein. Russell with Moore led the British "revolt against idealism"...."}} Together with his former teacher A. N. Whitehead, Russell wrote ''Principia Mathematica'', a milestone in the development of classical logic, and a major attempt to reduce the whole of mathematics to logic (see Logicism). Russell's article "On Denoting" has been considered a "paradigm of philosophy".

Russell was a pacifist who championed anti-imperialism and chaired the India League. He occasionally advocated preventive nuclear war, before the opportunity provided by the atomic monopoly had passed and he decided he would "welcome with enthusiasm" world government. He went to prison for his pacifism during World War I. Later, Russell concluded that the war against Adolf Hitler's Nazi Germany was a necessary "lesser of two evils" and also criticized Stalinist totalitarianism, condemned the United States' war on Vietnam and was an outspoken proponent of nuclear disarmament. In 1950, Russell was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature "in recognition of his varied and significant writings in which he champions humanitarian ideals and freedom of thought". He was also the recipient of the De Morgan Medal (1932), Sylvester Medal (1934), Kalinga Prize (1957), and Jerusalem Prize (1963). Provided by Wikipedia
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    by Russell Bertrand
    National book League by The Cambridge University Press 1947
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    by Russell Bertrand
    Les Belles lettres 2011, cop. 2011
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    G. Allen and Unwin 1934
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    by Russell Bertrand
    Les Revues 1930
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    by Russell Bertrand
    G. Allen and Unwin cop. 1965
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    Bordas 1972
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    by Russell Bertrand
    Allen and Unwin 1971
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    by Russell Bertrand
    G. Allen & Unwin [1931]
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    by Russell Bertrand
    George Allen & Unwin 1935
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    by Russell Bertrand
    Flammarion impr. 1990, cop. 1969
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    by Russell Bertrand
    Allen & Unwin [1963]
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    by Russell Bertrand
    Gordon & Breach DL 1970
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    by Russell Bertrand
    G. Allen and Unwin 1959, cop. 1959
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    by Russell Bertrand
    Gallimard DL 1962

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