Bertrand Russell

Russell in November 1957 Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell (18 May 1872 – 2 February 1970) was a British polymath. As an academic, he worked in philosophy, mathematics, and logic. His work has had a considerable influence on mathematics, logic, set theory, linguistics, artificial intelligence, cognitive science, computer science, and various areas of analytic philosophy, especially philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of language, epistemology and metaphysics. He was a public intellectual, historian, social critic, political activist, and Nobel laureate. He was born in Monmouthshire into one of the most prominent aristocratic families in the United Kingdom.

Russell was one of the early 20th century's most prominent logicians, and one of the founders of analytic philosophy, along with his predecessor Gottlob Frege, his friend and colleague G. E. Moore and his student and protégé Ludwig Wittgenstein. Russell with Moore led the British "revolt against idealism"...."}} Together with his former teacher A. N. Whitehead, Russell wrote ''Principia Mathematica'', a milestone in the development of classical logic, and a major attempt to reduce the whole of mathematics to logic (see Logicism). Russell's article "On Denoting" has been considered a "paradigm of philosophy".

Russell was a pacifist who championed anti-imperialism and chaired the India League. He occasionally advocated preventive nuclear war, before the opportunity provided by the atomic monopoly had passed and he decided he would "welcome with enthusiasm" world government. He went to prison for his pacifism during World War I. Later, Russell concluded that the war against Adolf Hitler's Nazi Germany was a necessary "lesser of two evils" and also criticized Stalinist totalitarianism, condemned the involvement of the United States in the Vietnam War and was an outspoken proponent of nuclear disarmament. In 1950, Russell was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature "in recognition of his varied and significant writings in which he champions humanitarian ideals and freedom of thought". He was also the recipient of the De Morgan Medal (1932), Sylvester Medal (1934), Kalinga Prize (1957), and Jerusalem Prize (1963). Provided by Wikipedia
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  1. 101
    by Russell Bertrand
    G. Allen & Unwin 1921
  2. 102
    by Russell Bertrand
    Presses universitaires de France DL1997
  3. 103
    by Russell Bertrand
    Unwin Books 1960
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    by Russell Bertrand
    L'Herne DL 2013, cop. 2013
  5. 105
    by Russell Bertrand
    K. Paul, Trench, Trubner & co. 1925
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    by Russell Bertrand, Lavand Nadine
    Librairie philosophique J. Vrin 2002
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  11. 111
    by Whitehead Alfred North, Russell Bertrand
    Cambridge University Press 1963
  12. 112
    by Whitehead Alfred North, Russell Bertrand
    Cambridge University Press 1963
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    by Whitehead Alfred North, Russell Bertrand
    University press 1964
  15. 115
    by Whitehead Alfred North, Russell Bertrand
    At the University press 1964
  16. 116
    by Haldane John Burdon Sanderson, Russell Bertrand
    Éd. Allia 2015, cop. 2015
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  18. 118
    by Nicod Jean
    Presses universitaires de France 1962
  19. 119
  20. 120
    by Wittgenstein Ludwig
    Routledge and Kegan Paul, Ltd. 1962

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